Best Practices for an Effective Steering Committee: A Comprehensive Guide

by Rajeshwari Kumar

A steering committee plays a critical role in ensuring the success of any project or initiative within an organization. It provides guidance, direction, and support to the project team, making decisions on behalf of the organization and keeping the project aligned with the overall strategy and goals. However, without effective leadership, a steering committee can quickly become inefficient, ineffective, and disruptive to the project.

This comprehensive guide explores the best practices for creating and managing a productive steering committee, including selecting the right members, setting clear goals and objectives, establishing effective communication channels, and continuously monitoring progress. By applying these best practices, organizations can ensure that their steering committees are successful in driving their projects and initiatives forward, leading to positive outcomes and business success.

What Is A Steering Committee?

A Steering Committee is a group of individuals responsible for providing oversight and guidance for a specific project or initiative within an organization. The committee is typically composed of executives or senior leaders who have the authority to make decisions and allocate resources in support of the project's objectives. The Steering Committee is responsible for ensuring that the project is aligned with the organization's strategic objectives, managing any risks or issues that may arise during the project's execution, and providing regular updates to the broader organization on the project's progress.

They also play a critical role in setting priorities, establishing timelines and budgets, and evaluating the project's performance against key metrics. The committee may take on additional responsibilities such as identifying and addressing gaps in resources, coordinating with external stakeholders, and providing oversight for the project's overall direction. Ultimately, the Steering Committee is accountable for the success of the project and ensuring that it delivers its intended benefits to the organization. Effective communication, collaboration, and decision-making are essential for the Steering Committee to achieve these goals and drive meaningful results.

The Importance Of An Effective Steering Committee

An effective steering committee is essential for the success of any project or initiative. The committee serves as the guiding force for the project, providing leadership, oversight, and direction to ensure that goals are met, and outcomes are achieved. Some of the key benefits of having an effective steering committee include:

  • Improved decision-making: The steering committee brings together a diverse group of stakeholders with different perspectives and expertise to make informed and objective decisions.
  • Clear communication and accountability: The committee ensures that all stakeholders are informed about the project's progress and outcomes, and that everyone is accountable for their roles and responsibilities.
  • Stakeholder engagement: The committee ensures that stakeholders are engaged throughout the project's lifecycle and can provide input and feedback.
  • Mitigation of risks: The committee identifies and mitigates risks early on in the project to minimize their impact on the project's success.
  • Alignment of resources: The committee ensures that the project has the necessary resources and support to achieve its goals and objectives.

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Identifying The Key Members Of Your Steering Committee

  • Chairperson: Who leads the committee and provides direction for the group.
  • Project Manager: Responsible for keeping the project on track and reporting to the committee about project progress.
  • Stakeholders: Members who are likely to be affected by the project and who have a vested interest in its success
  • Sponsor: Someone responsible for providing resources and funding to pursue the project
  • Experts: Members with an in-depth knowledge of the subject matter and can provide professional advice to the committee
  • Executive sponsor: An influential person who can ensure the project moves forward in a timely manner by keeping the decision-making process streamlined.
  • Secretary/Minute Taker: responsible for documenting the meetings and keeping the record of what was discussed and what was decided.

Setting The Goals And Objectives Of The Steering Committee

  • Providing strategic direction – The committee is responsible for setting the overall vision and strategic direction for the organization or project, outlining its goals, and defining the steps that need to be taken to achieve them.
  • Ensuring alignment – The committee must ensure that all project or organizational activities are aligned with the overall strategy and goals to maximize effectiveness.
  • Mitigating risks – The committee must proactively identify potential risks to the project or organization and develop appropriate strategies to mitigate them.
  • Resource allocation – The committee is responsible for allocating resources and determining priorities to ensure the project or the organization is successful.
  • Providing oversight – The committee must monitor progress and performance against objectives, identifying areas for improvement and taking corrective action if needed.
  • Stakeholder management – The committee must balance the needs of internal and external stakeholders, ensuring that their interests are considered when decision-making.
  • Communication – The committee is responsible for maintaining effective communication with key stakeholders, including employees, customers, investors, and partners, to ensure that everyone is informed about progress and is aligned with the overall strategy.
  • Accountability – The committee must hold themselves and other members of the organization accountable for achieving their goals and objectives, ensuring that tasks are completed on time and to a high standard.

Creating A Framework For Communication And Decision Making

  • Identify the problem or situation: The first step in any effective communication and decision-making process is to clearly identify and define the problem or situation.
  • Gather information: Once the issue is identified, the next step is to gather all the relevant information about it. This may involve research, data collection, and consultation with other stakeholders.
  • Analyze the information: After all the relevant information has been gathered, it must be analyzed and evaluated. This may involve identifying the key factors that are contributing to the problem, evaluating potential solutions, and assessing the risks and benefits associated with each option.
  • Develop options: Based on the analysis of the information, a range of options or solutions should be developed. These may include a variety of approaches, from addressing the root cause of the problem to developing short-term fixes.
  • Evaluate options: Once the options have been developed, they should be evaluated against a range of criteria, such as feasibility, impact, and affordability.
  • Decide on a course of action: Once the options have been evaluated, a decision should be made about which course of action to take. This decision should be based on a thorough evaluation of the options and careful consideration of the risks and benefits associated with each option.
  • Implement the decision: After a decision is made, the next step is to implement the chosen course of action. This may involve developing a detailed action plan, allocating resources, and communicating the decision to others.
  • Monitor and evaluate: Finally, it is important to monitor and evaluate the implementation of the decision. This may involve ongoing data collection and analysis, regular progress reports, and revising the action plan as necessary.

Building Trust Within The Steering Committee Team

  • Establish clear communication: Make sure everyone understands the goals and objectives of the committee, as well as their individual roles and responsibilities. Use transparent and open communication to keep everyone informed of progress and changes.
  • Be inclusive: Encourage everyone to contribute their perspectives and ideas. Create a culture where all team members have a voice.
  • Foster a positive team culture: Encourage positivity, respect, and support. Celebrate successes and learn from failures.
  • Be accountable: Take responsibility for your own actions and decisions. Admit mistakes and work to find solutions.
  • Build relationships: Take the time to get to know each other outside of formal meetings. Consider scheduling team-building activities or social events that can help build relationships and trust.
  • Emphasize shared goals: Reiterate the shared goals and objectives frequently and highlight how each team member's contribution is critical to achieving these goals.
  • Encourage feedback: Encourage open communication and constructive feedback. Create a conducive environment for expressing concerns and opinions.

Keeping The Meeting Productive And On Track

  • Achievements: The biggest and most obvious measure of effectiveness is how much the Steering Committee has accomplished. What goals have they set and met? Have they completed projects on time and within budget? Have they made significant improvements in the organization's performance or reputation? If the Steering Committee has a clear vision, and they've been able to see it through to completion, that is a strong mark in their favor.
  • Communication: A Steering Committee's success is also closely tied to how well they communicate with others. Do they make decisions transparently and with input from all stakeholders? Do they keep everyone informed of their plans and progress regularly? Are they responsive to feedback and concerns from people on the ground? If the Steering Committee is consistently keeping lines of communication open and fostering collaboration, that is a good sign they are effective.
  • Strategic thinking: A Steering Committee must be able to think strategically and consider the long-term impact of their decisions. Do they have a clear sense of the challenges and opportunities facing the organization, and are they making decisions that will lead to long-term success? Have they identified potential risks and taken steps to mitigate them? If the Steering Committee is forward-thinking and planning strategically, that suggests they are effective.
  • Team management: A Steering Committee is often responsible for managing a team of employees or volunteers. Do they provide clear direction, support, and resources to these team members? Are they able to build a strong culture and motivate people to work together effectively? If the Steering Committee can manage their team well and maintain a positive work environment, that is also a good indication of their effectiveness.
  • Purpose and Goals: The Steering Committee should have a clear purpose and defined goals that align with the organization's objectives. If the purpose and goals are unclear, it can lead to confusion and ineffective decision-making.
  • Composition: The Steering Committee should have members who possess relevant expertise, experience, and knowledge to address the issues at hand. If the members are not qualified or committed, it can hinder the decision-making process.
  • Communication: Effective communication among the members is essential for the success of a Steering Committee. If communication is poor or ineffective, it can lead to misunderstandings and delays in decision-making.
  • Decision-making: The Steering Committee should have a defined process for decision-making, including clear roles and responsibilities. If the decision-making process is disorganized or inconsistent, it can lead to conflicts and suboptimal decisions.
  • Accountability: The Steering Committee should be accountable for their decisions and actions. If there is no accountability, it can lead to a lack of responsibility, and the decisions made may not be in the best interest of the organization.


In conclusion, a well-functioning steering committee is essential for the success of any project or initiative. The committee serves as a liaison between the project team and the stakeholders, ensuring that everyone is aligned and working towards the same goals. To establish an effective steering committee, it is important to carefully select members based on their expertise, experience, and commitment.

The committee should have a clear mission, goals, and objectives, along with a transparent decision-making process. To keep the committee functioning at its best, regular communication, accountability, and constructive feedback are necessary. By following these best practices, organizations can maximize the effectiveness of their steering committees and increase the chances of project success.

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